Thae Yong-ho: The Courageous North Korean Diplomat Who Defected

Thae Yong-ho on the Oslo Freedom Discussion board in Might 2019 (Jay Nordlinger)
An emissary from North Korea

Editor’s Notice: In the current situation of National Evaluate, Mr. Nordlinger has a bit about Thae Yong-ho. The under is a bigger remedy.

People who manage to go away North Korea are often referred to as “defectors” — even when they’re peculiar residents, quite than government officials or army personnel. That’s as a result of, if you find yourself born in North Korea, you’re deemed to belong to the state. In case you depart, you’ve defected, and you’re a traitor.

Thae Yong-ho is a defector in a extra extensively understood sense. He was North Korea’s deputy ambassador to the UK when he went over to the South Koreans in 2016. He is likely one of the highest-ranking North Korean officials ever to defect. He is one thing rare on the earth: a messenger from a closed and isolated society, a “hermit kingdom,” as North Korea known as.

• I have met him at the Oslo Freedom Discussion board, the annual human-rights gathering here in Norway’s capital. Thae speaks good English with a slight British accent. He is elegant, educated, and confident — a person you possibly can imagine in diplomatic work.

• He was born in 1962, and he grew up a real believer. There’s little selection in North Korea. You’re commanded to worship the Kims as gods. You recognize hardly something concerning the outdoors world (though this is much less true now than it was when Thae was rising up). He learn books about Communist liberators who sacrificed their lives for the equality of man. Thae needed to dedicate his life to that finish too.

I study something from him that I’ve never heard before: North Korea has a model of the Ten Commandments — with the ruling Kim, whoever he is (there have been three because the founding of the state), instead of God.

Thae attended the Pyongyang University of Overseas Research. He joined the WPK, the Staff’ Social gathering of Korea, i.e., the ruling social gathering. He entered the overseas ministry in 1988. And, in 1996, he had his first overseas posting — to Denmark.

• That was a revelation. He anticipated beggars in the street and the ruthless exploitation of staff. As an alternative, he discovered a cheerful, peaceful, healthy society, with ample social welfare. This pricked on the younger diplomat’s mind.

He additionally started to see North Korea, and its ruling Kims, as outsiders noticed them. In the mid 1990s, there was a terrible famine in North Korea. Thae understood that this was the results of pure disasters, and that the leader, Kim Jong-il, was doing the whole lot potential to alleviate the issue.

All North Korean diplomats, wherever they have been posted, have been instructed to get food help from their host governments. Thae went to the Danish overseas ministry. They have been completely happy to oblige. But that they had questions: Why was Kim Jong-il investing tens of millions in nuclear weapons when individuals have been starving? Why was he spending hundreds of thousands on a mausoleum for Kim Il-sung (his father and predecessor) when individuals have been starving? These have been exhausting questions to reply.

Thae came nose to nose with the hypocrisy of the regime he was serving, and had been taught to revere. North Korean delegates arrived in Denmark to purchase cows, for the special use of the Kim family. This is able to hold the Kims in dairy products and beef. Other delegates arrived to buy beer for the North Korean elites. This stuff have been a far cry from the equality of man.

Thae started to experience “doublethink,” in Orwell’s immortal and useful coinage. Part of him held on to the true religion, the North Korean Communist religion; another part of him had plain doubts.

• He was later posted to Britain. One in every of his duties was to speak to Communist and socialist groups — individuals who beloved North Korea. He duly sang the praises of his nation to them. But he knew, already, that it was a false track. He felt sorry for these deluded Brits. He also felt sorry to deceive them, or to keep them of their delusions — however he had no selection: It was his job.

• Then there was the matter of his boys, his two sons. In an environment of freedom — specifically, Britain’s — they, too, have been experiencing doublethink. They usually had some exhausting questions for their father at the dinner desk.

“Why is there no Internet in North Korea? YouTube helps you with your homework. You can go there and learn how to figure out a math problem. Our government is supposed to be for education. They say that they are doing everything possible for education. So why don’t they allow the Internet?”

Thae Yong-ho discovered he needed to tell them the truth: If North Koreans had the Web, they might study things concerning the Kims, which would cause them to problem the Kims’ rule. This, the Kims could not have.

The two boys have been teased at college, by their British classmates. You understand how schoolkids are. “You’re from North Korea? You ate your dogs, right?” “Hey, you have long hair! That’s not allowed in your country. I’m going to call Chairman Kim, and he will send someone to bring you back!” And so on.

• Periodically, the family would certainly go house to North Korea. And naturally, the boys’ associates there were curious — interested in life in Britain, interested in a world outdoors North Korea. The Thae boys could not tell them the reality. It will be dangerous to speak of the wonders of freedom — the Web, an abundance of food, and all that.

They requested their father what they need to do. He recommended that they re-read Oliver Twist — and provides their associates some tales out of that ebook. Concerning the distress and exploitation of Britain.

Yes, you possibly can learn Dickens in North Korea. A couple of months in the past, I talked with Vladimir Bukovsky, the Russian dissident. He spent twelve years within the Soviet Gulag. He informed me that, in jail libraries, you would learn Dickens (and Dreiser).

• Thae Yong-ho contemplated his destiny, and his household’s, and North Korea’s. Perhaps he might wait the Kim regime out. Perhaps it will collapse earlier than too long — definitely in his lifetime. Then, in 2009, Kim Jong-il announced that his youngest son, Kim Jong-un, would succeed him. This dispirited Thae. The finish of the regime was not in sight.

• A tidbit: Thae would have an encounter with Kim Jong-un’s older brother, Kim Jong-chul, in London. Kim Jong-chul is an enormous fan of Eric Clapton, the British rocker. In 2015, Thae accompanied Kim Jong-chul to hear Clapton within the Royal Albert Hall. (I write about this household, among others, in my ebook Youngsters of Monsters.)

• Slowly, inevitably, defection crept into Thae’s mind. He would not contemplate it whereas his household was separated. Diplomats could not have all of their youngsters with them overseas — someone needed to be left hostage, back in North Korea. So, Thae and his spouse would have one son or the other with them in Britain. But in 2014, Kim Jong-un modified the coverage. Now that they had each of their sons with them — which modified the equation.

However what about other kinfolk back house? The Kim regime is a agency believer in guilt by association. If one individual steps out of line, his family and even his buddies and colleagues pay for it. This retains North Koreans in line.

• There came a time when Thae Yong-ho was recalled from London to Pyongyang. Why was a mystery. Perhaps they have been going to punish him, for some infraction unknown to him. This occurs to North Koreans routinely. They don’t know they have accomplished one thing fallacious till they are being imprisoned, tortured, or killed.

In 2013, lots of Thae’s diplomatic colleagues around the globe have been recalled after which — who knows what occurred to them? Apparently, that they had some type of affiliation with Jang Music-thaek, the dictator’s uncle, whom the dictator turned towards (and, in fact, killed).

• Thae considered his sons. What sort of future would they’ve in North Korea? Might he really consign them to that type of life, once they had already enjoyed a free life? And what about their youngsters, and their youngsters? Thae decided he would “cut off slavery at my generation,” as he puts it. This far and no farther. It doesn’t matter what, his sons and grandchildren and so on wouldn’t be slaves. He made a break for it.

The North Korean authorities referred to as him “human scum” and, for good measure, accused him of kid rape. (This accusation is a specialty of Communist governments, and of some post-Communist ones too, reminiscent of Putin’s.)

A fragile, awful query: What happened to Thae Yong-ho’s brothers, sisters, and other kinfolk in North Korea? Sitting right here in Oslo, I don’t ask him. However previous interviewers have. He assumes his kinfolk are in camps. It weighs very, very heavily on him. Unspeakably so. Figuring out this already, I don’t have to ask.

• I do ask him about his private security. Does he have worries? “I have a lot of worries,” he says, “but I am heavily protected when I am in South Korea. The South Korean government knows that I am No. 1 on the assassination list.” And “I know this will go on till the last day of the Kim regime.”

• Let me pause, now, to relate one thing that happened in the days after Thae Yong-ho and I talked. Have you learnt concerning the current fad of “milkshaking”? Protesters throw milkshakes on public figures they dislike. This occurred to Thae as he was getting into the Grand Lodge here in Oslo. The attacker, or “milkshaker,” was a Norwegian leftist, apparently.

Within the Free World, exhausting as it might be to consider, some individuals despise North Korean defectors as traitors, liars, and defamers. They take primarily the identical view as the Kim regime itself.

When Thae was “milkshaked,” his guards shortly subdued the attacker, and the man was soon arrested. Online, his comrades celebrated him. One among them stated, “He got arrested for ruining a rich defector’s coat and deserves a lot of support and love right now.”

It was only a milkshake, true — nothing critical. However Thae didn’t know that initially. He considered Kim Jong-nam, the dictator’s half-brother, who was killed when two ladies smeared him with a overseas substance in the Kuala Lumpur airport.

• Again, now, to our dialog, and one other query: How do South Koreans, his brother Koreans, deal with Thae? It relies upon, he says. South Korea is polarized on the difficulty of North Korea. Individuals on the left treat him with scorn. I comment that they could attempt dwelling in North Korea, in the event that they assume it’s so great — which makes Thae smile.

All over the world, individuals view the Korean Conflict (1950–53) as a conflict between the North and the South. In South Korea, says Thae, many people view it, as an alternative, as a conflict between Left and Right. And there’s deep sympathy for the Left.

Consider it: Left and Right did not battle merely theoretically. They did not battle merely with phrases. They fought with arms. East Germany and West Germany never fought a struggle towards each other. The Koreas did. And this struggle reverberates, says Thae, even now.

In South Korea, he meets individuals on the left who struggled for democracy and human rights in their nation, when it was beneath dictatorship. Yet many of these similar individuals are reluctant to talk about democracy and human rights for North Koreans. They need to change the subject.

I remark to Thae that it have to be bewildering to him to satisfy apologists for dictatorships — particularly North Korea’s, the worst — in free nations. Sure.

• What does he think about the weird relationship between the American president, Trump, and the North Korean dictator, Kim Jong-un? Thae says that he understands the necessity to talk about nuclear points — but doesn’t understand why Trump depicts Kim as a “nice guy” or perhaps a “normal person.” “Kim Jong-un is a tyrant, a dictator, and a criminal.”

• Jeane Kirkpatrick used to explain North Korea as “a psychotic state,” one thing of which the world had little or no expertise. Thae Yong-ho typically describes life inside North Korea as “unimaginable.” He is making an attempt to get individuals to imagine it. He wrote a memoir, Cryptography from the Third-Flooring Secretariat. He started a weblog.

• His objective, or dream, is nothing less than the top of the regime. He want to see the Korean Peninsula reunited on democratic terms. Does he have a technique? Yes. Initially, he needs to encourage North Korean elites to acknowledge what they certainly know or suspect already, in their doublethinking: The Kim regime is corrupt, nasty, and mendacity.

He knows what it’s wish to be a North Korean elite. He was one. Ultimately, this doublethinking will tip over right into a extra resolute considering: Yes, the North Korean regime is fallacious. It smashes every little thing that a human being has a right to have.

Thae does not assume that this regime will fall tomorrow, oh no. However he thinks it’s going to fall, because the individuals of North Korea study more about themselves and others, and, in disgust at having been misled and oppressed, rise up.

• Before he and I half, I ask Thae, “Do your former colleagues and other North Korean elites admire you, secretly?” “Yes,” he says. “Do you know this for sure?” I ask. “Of course,” he answers. They know, better than anyone else, the sheer guts of what Thae Yong-ho has finished.